Glycolic acid is one of the most effective and widely used AHA’s. It is naturally found in plants and fruits like sugar cane, pineapples, grapes, sugar beets, and more! Known for its power to smoothen and, brighten, and soften the skin. Aside from retinol, it’s actually known to be quite a “powerhouse” in your skincare regimen.
One of the main things glycolic acid is good for is hyperpigmentation. Not only does it help fade dark spots, but it helps minimize pores, refine skin texture, and smooth out lines and wrinkles. Glycolic acid can remove dead skin cells by breaking down the bonds that hold them together, lifting pigment from the skin, and increasing collagen production. It does all of this without creating micro-tears in the skin the way scrubs and exfoliating brushes do.
Glycolic acid should be used at night. Since its job is to remove dead skin and expose new cells, your face will become photosensitive. This means your skin will be sensitive to the sun and that can lead to mild sunburns, premature aging, and darkening of spots. Once you wash it off in the morning, you should absolutely apply an SPF 30 or greater to prevent damage to the skin and newly exposed skin cells. Glycolic acid should be used alone at night just before bed. You may also experience a light tingling sensation which is normal. A test spot should be conducted prior to use just to make sure it does not irritate your skin.
The best form of glycolic acid (and most effective, might I add), is in serum form. It penetrates into the skin better and when paired with antioxidants and retinol, it becomes even more effective. Take care of your skin while you can and it will thank you with radiant, smooth, supple, firm, and even-toned skin!